The Spac Deposit was discovered in about 1954, with the initial exploration being carried out by Russian geologists up until 1960. Underground development was started by Albanians from the Rubic Enterprise, with ore production commencing in 1966. The mine was used as a political prison camp from 1966 until 1991, with much of the mine development and production being carried out manually by prison workers.
During the 34 years of production some 3.1Mt ore were mined and processed at an average grade of 0.88% copper.
From the start, production steadily increased to over 190,000 tons in 1989. However, production then significantly dropped to an average of 45,000 tpa from 1991 to 1996, and then decreased further until production ceased in 1999. From 1977 to 1990, the contained copper in the ore mined would have averaged over 1,000 tons per year and most likely would have generated an average about 6,200 tons of concentrates per year. There has been no production or work carried out on the license area since 1999.
Spac Copper is one of the most productive mines of the area with an active tunnel of 12 km and around 3 million tons of recoverable reserves to be mined. SPAC project is at a very important spot logistically, located at a 90-km distance from Tirana. TETE Albania plans to mine 3.6 million tons of ore with SPAC Project.